Among the 3,91,000 species of vascular plants found worldwide, Nepal possess 2.80% of total plants. According to the record of 2006 by the stakeholders and related organizations working in this sector, Nepal is home to the 6,391 flowering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families. When it comes to flowering plants, it shares 2.76% of the global total compared to earlier records of 2.36 %. Moreover, there are 2,532 vascular plants recorded.
Geographically of 399 endemic flowering plants in Nepal, 63%are found to be from the high mountains, 38% from the mid-hills, and the remaining 5% from Terai and Siwaliks. In a similar fashion, the Central region accommodates 66% of the total endemic species followed by 29% in the eastern and 32 % in the western region.
The high Himalayas of Nepal are more famous for medicinal plants which can be used as curative for different health issues and also have even been already mentioned in the chapters of Ayurveda. Most of the herbs can be applied in traditional healing systems like Homoeopathic, Ayurvedic, Amchi, Allopathic etc. In case of Terai region we can detect medicinal plants especially around Nawalparasi, Chitwan, Bardia, Dhanusha, mid hill region of Makwanpur, Syangja, Kaski, Lamgjung, Dolakha, Parvat, Ilam, Ramechhap, Nuwakot, and Dolpa, Mugu, Humla, Jumla, Manang, Mustang and Solukhumbu in the Himalayan region.
Himalayan Herbal Viagra: Yarsagumba (Cordyceps Senesis)
Yarsagumba or Yarchagumba is an atypical and unique herb which is found in the pastureland above 3,500m up to 5000m in and around the high Himalayas of Nepal.
Yarchagumba literally means ‘plant in summer' and ‘insect in winter' in the Tibetan language. Though various types of famous medicinal plants are found in Nepal the popularity of Yarchagumba is simply overwhelming. It is demanded globally in high scale and with expensive rates.
It is mainly famous for curing the sexual impotency and hence the name ‘Himalayan Herbal Viagra’. Also, there are many advantages of Yarsagumba and diseases like Headache, toothache is also healed with this strange creature (half insect and half plant). During the months of May and June people from the high altitude rush to gather Yarsagumba in 27 districts of Nepal, few parts of Tibet and Bhutan.
For more one can log on to http://www.dpr.gov.np, an official web site of the Department of Plant Resources, Ministry of Forests & Soil Conservation).
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