With the total area of 1,47,181 sq. kilometers, Nepal is a small landlocked country which is sandwiched between two large countries China and India in South Asia. To the north, it is bordered by Tibet whereas in remaining other three directions (East, West, and South) it shares its territory with India.
Geographical coordinates of Nepal are 28°00′N 84°00′E and it falls under the temperate North of Tropic of Cancer. And when it comes to distance from East to West of Nepal it is 885 kilometers and 200 kilometers from North to South.
On the basis of geographical regions, Nepal can be divided into four parts:
- Himalayan Region: 17%
This region is less populated and less fertile comparatively. Most people perform seasonal migration during Winter in this region to Mid-hills. This area is synonymous to all Himalayan ranges. Sherpa, Lama, Thakali are the major castes of this territory.
- Mid Hill [Mahabharat Region] :64%
Mid-Hill in comparison to upper portion Himalayan region is a bit more populated and fertile but not as fertile as other two lower portions. This part covers forests, wildlife, national parks, and different other conservation sites. Mainly, Magar, Gurung, Newar, Chhetri, and Brahmin are dominant here.
- Churia Region [Siwalik]: 6%
This is the region between hill and Terai, it’s an intermediate one.
- Terai Region [Flat land]: 13%
This region is the most fertile land from all over Nepal. It is famous for various crops like Dal[lentils], rice and grains hence the name " the granary of Nepal: Terai." And factories and industries can be founded here in abundant number as this region corresponds more with transportation and deployment of products due to plain roads. Tharus are regarded as ‘indigenous tribes' of Terai.
The lowest altitude is from the Terai region which is about just 58 meters above from the sea level and highest ranges up to 8,848 meters, with which we all are probably familiar. :)
Despite its size, Nepal is a world in itself. World in a sense that, almost all kinds of climate, weather, flora, fauna, forests, and vegetation are found herein this beautiful kingdom of Himalayas, thus making it a perfect blend or mixing pot of the entire planet.
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